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Also many British and Canadian merchantmen carried volunteer naval gunners called defensively equipped merchant ship or DEMS gunners. By war’s end in 1945, Canadian shipyards had delivered more than 400 merchant ships, an astounding achievement made all the more impressive given that the country’s shipbuilding industry was equally occupied in manufacturing thousands of naval vessels, including escort ships, minesweepers, tugs and landing craft. This was not corrected until the 1990s and many individual cases remain unresolved. Within hours of Canada's declaration of war on 10 September 1939, the Canadian government passed laws to create the Canadian Merchant Navy setting out rules and controls to provide a workforce for wartime shipping. Montgomery's Cavendish National Historic Site within Prince Edward Island National Park, Fort Beausejour - Fort Cumberland National Historic Site, Thought to be an abbreviation for Wood Buffalo National Park, or could reference Buffalo National Park in existence from 1909-1947, Relates to Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site, Photo: Imperial War Museum, © IWM (FL 13145), Photo: Walter E. Frost, City of Vancouver Archives, CVA 447-8547, Photo: Imperial War Museum © IWM (FL 16222), Photo: ©North Vancouver Museum & Archives 27-2397, Photo: Walter E. Frost, City of Vancouver Archives, CVA 447-8044, Photo: Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Halifax, a part of the Nova Scotia Museum, N-18, 186, Photo: Walter E. Frost, City of Vancouver Archives, CVA 447-3101, Associated National Park or National Historic Site Administered by Parks Canada, National marine conservation areas system, Directory of federal heritage designations. By 1945, the company had taken over 127 10,000-ton Park class ships, 43 4,700-ton Gray class freighters and six 3,600-ton tankers—all built in Canada. Painted in the colour of “Admiralty Grey,” these vessels were deployed the world over. Ships built for the British account were named after Canadian forts, ie SS FORT QU'APPELLE. When first operational, they were known as the "Cadillacs" of the NATO fleet. Her name was inspired from Kootenay National Park, established in 1920 in British Columbia. On May 7, 1945, a torpedo struck the Avondale Park while it was sailing in a coastal convoy off the coast of Scotland. : 1951-jan: Trials: A229 RFA Fort Duquesne During Jan and Feb 1951, was host for experimental … Located along the border with Nova Scotia, the fort played a role during struggles for empire in the 18th and 19th centuries, and was designated a national historic site in 1920. 184 ships are involved in merchant shipping activity in the Canadian shipping industry. In total, fifty-eight Canadian … The first shots on the Atlantic were fired on 3 September 1939, just hours after Britain formally declared war on Germany. Launched in October 1941 and purchased directly by the British government, she survived the war, and later sailed under private owners, initially as the Temple Bar. While docked in London, England, in January 1944, she was damaged by aircraft bombs. Her namesake is the eighteenth-century French fortress on Cape Breton Island which was at the centre of the struggle for empire between French and British forces. Initially managed by Alfred Holt & Company Limited of Liverpool, England, in 1954 she was transferred to the Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA). Off the coast of Ireland, a German submarine, U-30, torpedoed the SS Athenia, a passenger ship en route to Montréalwith more than 1,400 passengers and crew on board; 112 people were killed, including 4 Canadians. 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